Giorgio de Chirico (Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo deˈkiːriko]; 10 July 1888 – 20 November 1978) was an Italian artist and writer. In them he developed a repertoire of motifs—empty arcades, towers, elongated shadows, mannequins, and trains among others—that he arranged to create "images of forlornness and emptiness" that paradoxically also convey a feeling of "power and freedom". [20] De Chirico's later paintings never received the same critical praise as did those from his metaphysical period. Grove Art Online. [17], In the early 1920s, the Surrealist writer André Breton discovered one of de Chirico's metaphysical paintings on display in Guillaume's Paris gallery, and was enthralled. André Breton claimed that de Chirico was one the main torchbearers of a new modern mythology. De Chirico returned to Italy in the summer of 1909 and spent six months in Milan. Giorgio de Chirico was an Italian artist and writer born in Greece. [39][40][41], The box art for Fumito Ueda's PlayStation 2 game Ico sold in Japan and Europe was strongly influenced by de Chirico. Născut în Volos, Grecia dintr-o mamă grecoaică și un tată sicilian, de Chirico este fondatorul La scuola metafisica în arte. Magritte schreef dat in het schilderij Het liefdeslied de poëzie boven de schilderkunst uitsteeg, een ontdekking die hem tot tranen roerde. Talen. Giorgio de Chirico in 1936 gefotografeerd door, Fabrice Biasino, Giorgio de Chirico, L'Eventail, maart 2019, p. 49, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Giorgio_de_Chirico&oldid=57280796, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding anders dan op Wikidata, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. He died in Rome on 20 November 1978. In 1958, Riverside Records used a reproduction of de Chirico's 1915 painting The Seer (originally painted as a tribute to French poet Arthur Rimbaud) as the cover art for pianist Thelonious Monk's live album Misterioso. [28], In this, he resembles his more representational American contemporary, Edward Hopper: their pictures' low sunlight, their deep and often irrational shadows, their empty walkways and portentous silences creating an enigmatic visual poetry.[29]. Koop en verkoop giorgio de chirico in Catawiki’s veilingen. His imagery reflects his affinity for the philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer and of Friedrich Nietzsche, and for the mythology of his birthplace. Rond 1910 ontwikkelde De Chirico interesse voor pleinen en symmetrische gebouwen uit de Renaissance vanwege hun klassieke vormen. Andrea de Chirico), was eveneens kunstenaar. He became an outspoken opponent of modern art. Zijn werk zou vanwege de droomachtige settings een belangrijke inspiratiebron vormen voor surrealisten als Salvador Dali en Rene Magritte. Through his brother he met Pierre Laprade, a member of the jury at the Salon d'Automne, where he exhibited three of his works: Enigma of the Oracle, Enigma of an Afternoon and Self-Portrait. Alemannisch; asturianu; azərbaycanca; Bahasa Indonesia; català [42] The cover art of New Order's single "Thieves Like Us" is based on de Chirico's painting The Evil Genius of a King. He wrote essays on art and other subjects, and in 1929 published a novel entitled Hebdomeros, the Metaphysician. Karier. Media in category "Giorgio de Chirico" The following 22 files are in this category, out of 22 total. Allemaal in PAK, 1993 - 06 Drawing Giorgio de Chirico.jpg 1,087 × 1,520; 292 KB In The Joy of Return, 1915, de Chirico's train has once more entered the city ... a bright ball of vapor hovers directly above its smokestack. The paintings de Chirico produced between 1909 and 1919, his metaphysical period, are characterized by haunted, brooding moods evoked by their images. Some comparison can be made to the long takes in Antonioni's films from the 1960s, in which the camera continues to linger on desolate cityscapes populated by a few distant figures, or none at all, in the absence of the film's protagonists. His most well-known works often feature Roman arcades, long shadows, mannequins, trains, and illogical perspective. At the outbreak of World War I, he returned to Italy. Italian Proper noun . He was a major influence on the Surrealists. Daardoor werd, zoals in het surrealisme en het magisch realisme, de raadselachtigheid van de objectwereld beklemtoond. De Chirico was born in Volos, Greece, as the eldest son of Gemma Cervetto and Evaristo de Chirico. Giorgio de Chirico war ein italienischer Maler und Grafiker. In the years before World War I, he founded the Scuola metafisica art movement. Terug naar Giorgio de Chirico. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Hierdoor viel hij in ongenade bij André Breton en andere Franse surrealisten.[2]. Accomplishments . [23] In 1945, he published his memoirs. Beginning in 1900, de Chirico studied drawing and painting at Athens Polytechnic—mainly under the guidance of the Greek painters Georgios Roilos and Georgios Jakobides. Giacomo Di Chirico werd geboren in Venosa in een timmerman familie 's, de jongste zoon van Luigi en Caterina Savino. Giorgio de Chirico (født 10. juli 1888, død 20. november 1978) var en italiensk maler.. Han var skaberen af pittura metafisica, metafysisk maleri.. Bibliografi (IT) Baldacci Paolo, Fagiolo Dell’Arco Maurizio (1982), Giorgio de Chirico Parigi 1924-1930, Galleria Philippe Daverio, Milano 1982, pp. Õppis Ateena polütehnikumis ja Müncheni Kunstiakadeemias. Er gilt als Hauptvertreter der Pittura metafisica, der sogenannten Metaphysischen Malerei, die als eine der wichtigsten Vorläufer des Surrealismus angesehen wird. Giorgio de Chirico (10. mai 1888 Volos, Kreeka – 20. november 1978 Rooma, Itaalia) oli itaalia maalikunstnik. Bersama dengan Carlo Carrà dan Giorgio Morandi, dia telah menemukan gaya penglusikan metafisika (Metaphysical painting). [44], Giuseppe Maria Alberto Giorgio de Chirico. La descrizión sura la sua pagina de descrizión del file l'è mustrada chì suta. ")—this question, inscribed by the young artist on his self-portrait in 1911, is their subtext. Pronunciation of Giorgio de Chirico with 1 audio pronunciation, 2 synonyms, 6 translations, 1 sentence and more for Giorgio de Chirico. 22. Baldacci, Paolo & Fagiolo Dell’Arco, Maurizio (1982). [31] The visual style of Valerio Zurlini's film The Desert of the Tartars (1976) was influenced by de Chirico's work. His artistic education took place in Munich, in After Evaristo de Chirico's death in 1905, the family relocated in 1906 to Germany, after first visiting Florence. Et quid amabo nisi quod aenigma est? [9][10] The style of his earliest paintings, such as The Dying Centaur (1909), shows the influence of Böcklin.[8]. De Chirico is most famous for the eerie mood and strange artificiality of the cityscapes he painted in the 1910s. Carrà, a sokat megélt művész, tagadhatatlanul De Chirico hatása alá került, és – noha ekkoriban már hasonló törekvései voltak neki is – metafizikus stílusban kezdett festeni. [10], He remained extremely prolific even as he approached his 90th year. Giorgio de Chirico (Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo deˈkiːriko]; 10 July 1888 – 20 November 1978) was an Italian artist and writer. He started MMA training to lose weight and his friend Giovanni Pinelli introduced MMA to him, and decided to transition to MMA from American football after 2011. Giorgio De Chirico (n. 10 iulie 1888, Volos, Grecia – d. 20 noiembrie 1978, Roma, Italia), cunoscut și ca Népo, a fost un pictor suprarealist italian, poate cel mai enigmatic exponent al artei figurative din secolul al XX-lea. 1918-ban kiállított az „Epoca” római kiállításán, ahol nagy sikere volt képeinek. During 1913 he exhibited paintings at the Salon des Indépendants and Salon d’Automne; his work was noticed by Pablo Picasso and Guillaume Apollinaire, and he sold his first painting, The Red Tower. In 1924 de Chirico visited Paris and was accepted into the group, although the surrealists were severely critical of his post-metaphysical work. Giorgio de Chirico (10. juli 1888–20. De Chirico found himself in 1912 confronted with the problem of following one of the roads already opened or of opening a new road. Biografia. The architectural forms and the placement of the chalkboard evoked the unity of art and science—a perfect symbol for an artist whose music has been called 'mathematical.'"[33]. Background. In 1914, through Apollinaire, he met the art dealer Paul Guillaume, with whom he signed a contract for his artistic output. Giorgio De Chirico was born in Volos, in Thessaly (Greece), on 10 July 1888. De Chirico's style has influenced several filmmakers, particularly in the 1950s through 1970s. He attended University of Foro Italico, majoring in Sport and Science. "[34] Several of Sylvia Plath's poems are influenced by de Chirico. The visual style of the French animated film Le Roi et l'oiseau, by Paul Grimault and Jacques Prévert, was influenced by de Chirico's work, primarily via Tanguy, a friend of Prévert. His time in Paris also resulted in the production of Chirico's Ariadne. [3] His mother was Genoese-Greek[4] (likely born in Smyrna) and his father a Sicilian barone[2][5] from a family of remote Greek origin (the Kyriko or Chirico was a family of Greek origin that moved from Rhodes to Palermo in 1523, together with other 4000 Greek-Catholic families). see the entry on de Chirico in "Propyläen Kunstgeschichte, Die Kunst des 20. Vanaf 1911 woonde en werkte De Chirico in Parijs, waar kunsthandelaar Paul Guillaume zijn werk ging verkopen.[1]. Giorgio De Chirico va ser tan estimat com odiat en la primera meitat del segle xx.André Breton el va considerar gràcies a les estranyes atmosferes i rerefons oníric dels seus paisatges com un dels precursors del surrealisme, però el 1918 el va declarar mort en tornar la mirada cap a l'art del Renaixement. [18] Numerous young artists who were similarly affected by de Chirico's imagery became the core of the Paris Surrealist group centered around Breton. This is where his interest in the German culture and his desire to reach Munich were born. In hun werk worden voorwerpen en figuren zeer realistisch afgebeeld maar uit totaal verschillende causale en temporele contexten gecombineerd in lijnperspectivische constructies. [25], De Chirico's best-known works are the paintings of his metaphysical period. Nevertheless, he was also inspirational for later French avant-garde groups such as the Lettrists and Situationists, particularl… He avoided Fauvism as well as Cubism and introduced what could be called 'metaphysical painting'. Giorgio de Chirico (IPA: ˈdʒɔrdʒo deˈkiriko; 10. července 1888 Volos, Řecko – 20. listopadu 1978 Řím), řecko-italský malíř a grafik.Byl hlavním představitelem tzv. Giorgio de Chirico (Volos, 10 juli 1888 - Rome, 20 november 1978) was een Grieks-Italiaanse schilder. After 1919, he became a critic of modern art, studied traditional painting techniques, and worked in a neoclassical or neo-Baroque style, while frequently revisiting the metaphysical themes of his earlier work. By 1910, he was beginning to paint in a simpler style of flat, anonymous surfaces. De Chirico's conception of Metaphysical art was strongly influenced by his reading of Nietzsche, whose style of writing fascinated de Chirico with its suggestions of unseen auguries beneath the appearance of things. De Chirico oli mõjutatud Arnold Böcklini loomingust ja Friedrich Nietzsche filosoofiast. Giorgio de Chirico, unlike many artists of his generation, found little to admire in the works of Cézanne and other French modernists, but was inspired by the paintings of the Swiss Symbolist Arnold Böcklin and the work of German artists such as Max Klinger. His imagery reflects his affinity for the philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer and of Friedrich Nietzsche, and for the mythology of his birthplace. His mother was Genoese-Greek (likely born in Smyrna) and his father a Sicilian barone from a family of remote Greek origin (the Kyriko or Chirico was a family of Greek origin that moved from Rhodes to Palermo in 1523, together with other 4000 Greek-Catholic families). Godine 1909. vratio se u Italiju.. Utemeljitelj je metafizičke škole u slikarstvu. Hans metafysiske målestil danna skule for andre målarar og har seinare vorte rekna som ein del av surrealismen.. Liv og gjerning. november 1978), også kjend som Népo, var ein italiensk målar og skulptør. Gale, Matthew (2003, January 01). Behalve op Magritte heeft de vroege De Chirico veel invloed uitgeoefend op talrijke andere beeldende kunstenaars als onder andere Paul Delvaux, Salvador Dali, Carel Willink, Yves Tanguy en Max Ernst. Also in 1929, he made stage designs for Sergei Diaghilev.[10]. Jahrhunderts 1880–1940", by Giulio Carlo Argan, 1990, p. 201. Giorgio de Chirico adalah seorang pelukis asal Italia yang lahir pada tanggal 10 Juli 1888 di Volos, Yunani dan meninggal pada tanggal 19 November 1978 di Roma, Italia. He also painted The Enigma of the Oracle while in Florence. [8] De Chirico entered the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, where he studied under Gabriel von Hackl and Carl von Marr and read the writings of the philosophers Friedrich Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer and Otto Weininger. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie.