Many new hotels are being built, as well as new apartment and office buildings. The land area is 4540 km 2. [56] Ivano Balić, two time IHF World Player of the Year is the most famous handball player to come from Split. [27], In 1809, after a brief war with France, Austria ceded Carinthia, Carniola, Croatia west of the Sava River, Gorizia and Trieste to France. Polski: Trogir to miasto w Chorwacji. Many recreational facilities were also constructed with federal funding, especially for the 1979 Mediterranean Games, such as the Poljud Stadium. Although not a professional team or league, some player/coaches are paid. The title "Duke of Dalmatia" seems to have been dropped at this point by the Venetian doges. Македонски: Сплит e втор град по големина во Хрватска и административен центар на Сплитско-далматинската жупанија. The railway was opened on refurbished existing M604 tracks on December 10, 2006. In 1019 the Byzantine Empire restored direct control over Dalmatia. [45], The above two groups are distinct, in the Mediterranean aspects of their ethnicity and traditional Chakavian speech, from the more numerous Shtokavian-speaking immigrants from the rural Zagora hinterland, referred to as the Vlaji (a term that sometimes carries negative connotations). Split is the second largest city in Croatia, on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea. The great upheavals in Europe in 1848 gained no ground in Split, and the city did not rebel. On 12 February 1945 the Kriegsmarine conducted a daring raid on the Split harbour, damaging the British cruiser Delhi. [36] Several have pro experience and the new coach of the national team was a former major league pitcher with the LA Dodgers! Split is an important transport center for Dalmatia and the wider region. [citation needed] In the Yugoslav era, however, the city had been a highly significant economic centre with a modern and diverse industrial and economic base, including shipbuilding, food, chemical, plastics, textile, and paper industry, in addition to large revenues from tourism. The theory is dubious as it is Spanish broom (Spartium junceum, brnistra or žuka in Croatian) that is a very frequent plant in the area. [52], The Ivan Meštrović Gallery (Croatian: Galerija Meštrović), on the Marjan peninsula is an art museum dedicated to the work of the 20th-century sculptor, Ivan Meštrović. The city remained loyal to the Empire, resisting the re-establishment of Hungarian rule, and consequently, upon its inevitable submission, was punished with the King's refusal to renew its ancient privileges. After the war the remaining members of the Italian community in Split left Yugoslavia towards Italy (Istrian-Dalmatian exodus). [13] The Temple of Jupiter was rededicated to the Virgin Mary and the remains of the popular Saint Domnius were recovered from the ruins of Salona, later establishing the Cathedral of Saint Domnius as new seat of the Archbishop of Salona. The team's main rival is Zagreb and there are teams from half a dozen other cities around the country. Apartment MARGARITA in authentic stone house. Active from 2008, they are currently still developing and the main focus is on a flag football team. [26], Split became part of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy in 1805, after the defeat of the Third Coalition at the Battle of Austerlitz and the consequent Treaty of Pressburg. The administrative center is Split. [50], Split Science museum and Zoo (Croatian: Prirodoslovni muzej i zoološki vrt) located at Kolombatovićevo šetalište 2 on the Marjan hill peninsula. The same year, Vincenzo Dandolo was named provveditore generale and general Auguste de Marmont was named military commander of Dalmatia. The Split Archaeological Museum is the oldest museum institution in Croatia, founded in 1820 by the decree of the Dalmatian government in Zadar. The collection presents the urban, cultural, artistic and economic heritage of the city. The Roman Emperor Diocletian (ruled AD 284 to 305) in 293 began the construction of an opulent and heavily fortified palace fronting the sea, near his home town of Salona, selecting the site of Spálathos (or Spalatum in Latin). Always buzzing, this exuberant city has just the right balance between tradition and modernity. In addition, the museum houses an extensive collection of ancient and medieval coins, a submarine archaeological collection, and a rich archive library. The Split SeaWolves is the only American football team in Dalmatia. [51], The Gallery of Fine Arts (Croatian: Galerija umjetnina), located at Kralja Tomislava 15, is an art museum that contains works from the 14th century to the present day providing an overview of the artistic developments in the local art scene. The city was founded as the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) in the 3rd or 2nd century BC on the coast of the Illyrian Dalmatae, and later on was home to Diocletian's Palace, built for the Roman emperor in AD 305. 56 reviews. Since Rijeka, Trieste and Zadar, the three other large cities on the eastern Adriatic coast, were annexed by Italy, Split became the most important port in the Kingdom. Blessed with a coastal location alongside the Adriatic Sea, Croatia attracts visitors from Europe and the world looking for sun-kissed beaches and historic cities. Dozens of new factories and companies were founded with the city population tripling during the period. One of the most recognisable aspects of Split culture is popular music. le musée de la ville de Split, Muzej grada ; La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 13 mai 2020 à 03:39. [35] Between September and October 1941 alone, ten officials of the Italian fascist occupation were assassinated by the citizens. [45] By now the Vlaji constitute a decided majority of inhabitants, causing a distinct shift in the overall ethnic characteristics of the city. Now it has 26,000 students and is organized in 12 faculties. The museum is also home to the Emanuel Vidović Gallery, dedicated to the most important Split painter of the 20th century. The Split Suburban Railway is a suburban railway network in Split, Croatia. Italian rule met heavy opposition from the Croat population as Split became a centre of anti-fascist sentiment in Yugoslavia. In 1979, the historic center of Split was included into the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Many large development projects are revived, and new infrastructure is being built. Soon after Hajduk became the official football club of the Partisan movement. January is the coldest month, with an average low temperature around 5 °C (41 °F). But in 1141, his successor, King Géza II, having conquered Bosnian lands, marched to Split and Trogir, both voluntarily accepting him as overlord. Split's team, Nada, plays its homegames at old Hajduk stadium, where the rugby club also plays. It lies on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea and is spread over a central peninsula and its surroundings. A schedule of games began in earnest and by 1980 there were regular league games. In a tragic turn of events, besides being bombed by axis forces, the city was also bombed by the Allies, causing hundreds of deaths. Upon Michele's return in 1127, however, the Doge yet again expelled the Hungarians from the two cities and utterly destroyed Biograd, the favored seat of the Croatian Kings that the Hungarians were attempting to establish as a rival to the Venetian Zadar.[13]. Both Smoje and Tijardović are famous artists thought to represent the old Split traditions that are slowly dying out due to the city being overwhelmed by large numbers of rural migrants from the undeveloped hinterland. There are also routes to Rijeka, Dubrovnik, and Ancona in Italy and additional seasonal routes to further destinations in Italy. Media in category "Ships in Split, Croatia" The following 99 files are in this category, out of 99 total. Throughout the 9th and 10th centuries, Split was raided by the Narentines (a South Slavic confederation recognizing the King of Croatia as their sovereign). Currently the new campus is being built, and it will be finished before 2018. David Luscombe, Jonathan Riley-Smith: The New Cambridge Medieval History IV, c.1024 – c.1198 part II, p. 272, Nikola Anić: Povijest Osmog dalmatinskog korpusa Narodnooslobodilačke vojske Hrvatske : 1943.-1945., p. 12, a series of incidents between 1918 and 1920, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service, Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments, List of twin towns and sister cities in Croatia, "Odluka o donošenju Prostornog plana uređenja Grada Splita", "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Split", "WHKMLA : History of the Illyrian Provinces, 1797–1815", "Mjesečne vrijednosti za Križevci u razdoblju1948−2016", "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Split-Dalmatia", "Population by Religion, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Split-Dalmatia", "Cabinet And Split Participate in Financing Hall", "Trondheim – the official website – Vennskapsbyer", Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries, Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Split,_Croatia&oldid=995082313, Mediterranean port cities and towns in Croatia, Populated places established in the 3rd century BC, Populated places in Split-Dalmatia County, Port cities and towns of the Adriatic Sea, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Croatian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, All articles that may have off-topic sections, Wikipedia articles that may have off-topic sections from June 2018, Articles needing additional references from November 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2011, Articles needing additional references from March 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2017, Articles with Croatian-language sources (hr), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 03:20. After the Cvetković-Maček agreement, Split became the part of new administrative unit (merging of Sava and Littoral Banovina plus some Croat populated areas), Banovina of Croatia in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The Germans defeated the Race in battle at Split in the summer of 1943. The gallery also has an extensive collection of icons, and holds special exhibits of works by contemporary artists. In 1124, while the Doge was engaged against the Byzantine Empire (now hostile to Venice), Stephen II recovered Split and Trogir without resistance. Split also developed a prominent hip hop scene, with notable acts such as The Beat Fleet, Dječaci, Kiša Metaka and ST!llness. This faction was strongest in Split, and used it as its headquarters. The Lika railway, connecting Split to the rest of the country, was completed in 1925. [13] The Emperor Constans II granted them an Imperial mandate to establish themselves in the Palace as the City of Spalatum, which imposed upon the Croatian Slavs - at the time alied of Byzantium against the Avars - a cessation of hostilities. The source material here is from Mladen Cukrov's book "There's no ball like baseball" (Nima baluna do Baseball) and from the writer's experience as an assistant coach of the team for several years. The gallery building and grounds were based on original plans by Meštrović himself, and included living and working areas, as well as exhibition spaces. In this period, an independent Dalmatian language developed from Latin, with a distinct local dialect: to its inhabitants, the city became known as Spalatrum or Spalatro, one of the main Dalmatian city-states. [citation needed]. For much of the High and Late Middle Ages, Split enjoyed autonomy as a free city of the Dalmatian city-states, caught in the middle of a struggle between Venice and Croatia (in union with Hungary) for control over the Dalmatian cities. Later it drifted into the sphere of the Republic of Venice and the Kingdom of Croatia, with the Byzantines retaining nominal suzerainty. Split was to pay no tribute, it was to choose its own count and archbishop whom the king would confirm, it preserved its old Roman laws, and appointed its own judge. The Split Airport in Kaštela, located about 20 km outside of Split, is the second largest in Croatia in terms of passenger numbers (2,818,176 in 2017). It was a colony of the polis of Issa, the modern-day town of Vis, itself a colony of the Sicilian city of Syracuse. Culture flourished as well, Split being the hometown of Marko Marulić, a classic Croatian author. Split is situated on a peninsula between the eastern part of the Gulf of Kaštela and the Split Channel. Despite colorful settings and characters, as well as a cinema tradition that could be traced to early 20th-century works of Josip Karaman, there were relatively few films shot in or around Split. The population of the county is 455,242 (2011). Marina Erakovic was also born in Split. Se on historiallisen Dalmatian alueen tärkein kaupunki. Prema zadnjem popisu stanovništva, provedenom 2011. godine, Split ima 178.192 stanovnika, druga je po veličini hrvatska trgovačka luka, najveća putnička luka u Hrvatskoj i treća luka na Sredozemlju po broju putnika. Also, the more notable musicians and bands from Split are Oliver Dragojević, Gibonni, Daleka Obala, Magazin, Severina, Dino Dvornik, Jasmin Stavros, Neno Belan, Goran Karan, Dražen Zečić, Doris Dragović, Jelena Rozga, Tutti Frutti, Siniša Vuco, Meri Cetinić and guitar player Petar Čulić. Although the sport began semi-officially in December 1918 when a group of US sailors from a ship in port introduced the game to some young Croats, it wasn't until 1972 when a pair of teachers at a local school formed the Salona Baseball Club, named after the ancient Roman city of Salona. 0.7 km from Split. In the same period it achieved an as yet unsurpassed GDP and employment level, still above the present day's, growing into a significant Yugoslav city. The University of Split (Croatian: Sveučilište u Splitu) was founded in 1974. Its literary tradition can be traced to medieval times, and includes names like Marko Marulić, while in more modern times Split excelled by authors famous for their sense of humor. The pandemic in Croatia occurred during the Croatian Presidency of the Council of the European Union. [48], The Split City Museum (Croatian: Muzej Grada Splita) at Papalićeva 1, is housed in the former Papalić Palace. The most tragic such incident occurred on 15 November 1991, when the JRM light frigate Split fired a small number of shells at the city and its surroundings.