Recently, as, part of a termination exercise in a final social work practice class which had gone, well, one author asked students to nominate in writing what they felt they had each, contributed to the class over the semester. and is made up of items such as ‘Humor helps me cope’. We see, this pattern as an index of increased arousal and anxiety, and typical of reactions that. The meanings of the transformed narratives for the students are discussed along with implications for social work supervision and practice. Thus, once again, those who scored high on. Even so, one might expect that a positive, attitude towards humour and towards those who make humour might be associated. Scheffe post hoc comparisons indicated Factor 1 was rated, : Total uni-stress was not significantly different from total life-stress [comparison of means 5, 0.0878]. In contrast with other research findings, the measure ‘liking humour’ correlated positively with stress and symptoms, indicating that liking humour was associated with poorer well‐being. the support engendered by humour may be more important in reducing stress than, humour itself. The only significant difference found between the groups was that subjects who watched the humorous film estimated the effectiveness of the film as higher. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 21(1). (1997) ‘I needed to be told that I hadn’t failed: experiences of violence against. They agreed, however, that humour could help, workers adjust to difficult, arduous and exhausting situations. Powell, J. be self-affirming and often provides a form of control in uncontrollable situations. 46–60) and negative (Moran and Hughes 2006. Michal Borodo Juliane House Wojciech Wachowski Editors. exercises, the teacher may stress the importance of establishing trust and openness. with the stressors of their professional role. The author argues that humor is an effective therapeutic tool, providing the practitioner is willing to work with any potential outcome. Chicago. The idea that social work is a potentially stressful profession is not new. Sharing links are not available for this article. of the data have been reported elsewhere (Moran & Massam, 1999). subsequently. Clearly, humour warrants further. The appropriateness of humour has not stopped it being used in stressful. It is probable that the relationship between humour and. It describes the tools and techniques used in the simulation exercise and includes a brief reflection by one student illustrating how simulation increased his confidence in delivering health promotion in practice. There, was also a significant correlation between liking humour and number of symptoms, rated. Lloyd, C., King, R. & Chenoweth, L. (2002) ‘Social work, stress and burnout: a review’. Social work education is concerned with preparing students to be competent, ethical, practitioners who will continue to develop professionally over their careers. Saved by Sheryl Moll. We confine, ourselves here to examining humour in the context of stress and health. humour liking and humour evaluation. Dado que existem diferentes tipos de humor que se associam a diferentes respostas do indivíduo e a diferentes situações, torna-se, The literature suggests that self-esteem regulation mechanisms are interchangeable; people whose self-esteem is threatened in one domain utilize self-maintenance strategies that are effective in unrelated domains to cope with the original threats. A repeated measures analysis of covariance revealed that video writers had higher sIgA concentrations than mundane writers, and that men and women differed in response to the humor video. This is a cyclical and inevitable stress for students. The study was run in the last two weeks of the final term of the, academic year. humour in the social work curriculum. reporting they frequently use humour ‘to cope’ may not use it with examinations. (Chubb, 1995), nursing (Warner, 1991), health sciences (Moran, 1996) and, education (Wendel & Heiser, 1989), and social work (Pla-Richard, 1991; Kaye &. Humour production also showed a significant negative correlation with the, relationship sub-scale of uni-stress. Scheffe post hoc comparisons across, Means, Standard Deviations and Statistical Comparisons for Health Symptom, : There were significant differences among symptom groupings [, : Tests of significance for Pearson’s Product Moment Correlations: * significant at, 0.05, non-directional test (two tail); *** significant at, .02, non-directional test (two tail); **** significant at, that is the helpful variable, but rather the social support that accompanies humour, ., 1996). Reconsidering post-modernism, post-Fordism and, Ife, J. Seeing supervisors use humour gives students permission to laugh and focus away from the serious side for a while. they were more stressed by university than by life. humour: citations sur humour parmi une collection de 100.000 citations. Alleviating Stress with Humour: A Literature Review, https://doi.org/10.1177/175045890701700403, www.tomveatch.com/else/humor/summary.html, Literature Review: Awareness of Anaesthesia, Assessing Scrub Practitioner Nontechnical Skills: A Literature Review. Leisure pursuits are seen as an important means of dealing with stress. A ‘sense of humour’ is generally viewed as a virtuous quality but there are both positive and negative imports to humour use. Pearson’s Product-Moment correlation was used to test these relationships. skills and meeting demands of field education (Goldblatt & Buchbinder, 2003; Razack, 2001; Weaver, 2000). The Impact of Situational Features and Personal Characteristics on Coping Patterns Across Situations, Positive affect, negative affect, and the moderating effect of writing on sIgA antibody levels, Challenging gender roles: The impact on female social work students of working with abused women, Addressing stress with social work students: A controlled evaluation, Herbal medicine use in adults experiencing anxiety: Understanding a complex health behaviour, Joint integration of the object-oriented paradigm at Amarillo College and Texas Tech University, Funny business: Using humor for good in the workplace, Adaptação para português da Escala Multidimensional do Sentido de Humor, The effect of threat to competence on perception of group entitativity. Tobin, P. & Carson, Y. Furthermore, humour may be considered as part of a worker’s repertoire of interpersonal strategies, as well as part of their personal coping skills. focus, the relationship of humour to well-being was not always uniformly positive. of students before entering the social work profession. These findings suggest that conflicting results in the relationship between humor and well-being could be explained through the theory that only certain types of humor (such as positive humor) increase social support, and therefore well-being. Total MANOVA showed uni-stress types differed significantly, 0.0001]. Humour is a complex concept. stress varies depending on other events occurring at the same time. TOP 10 des citations L'humour (de célébrités, de films ou d'internautes) et proverbes L'humour classés par auteur, thématique, nationalité et par culture. debates that we should not do so at all. Although it arises from an interest in humour in the profession, this, article is not dealing with humour as a tool for working with clients or others in the, workplace. Fortune, 2001). With students or new, workers, observing such humour gives them the necessary permission to laugh and to, focus away from the serious side for a while. JabRef, Mendeley. Data was illustrated via a transcription system that highlighted the prosodical features of speech including how and where humour arose in the interaction. Humour is universal in health care. In our experience these issues often, arise in discussions about students’ field practicum experiences. Social Work Education 25(5). Some features of humour, such as, aggressive and sexist humour, are simply not appropriate or desirable. Stress among social work students is an issue of concern and has adverse outcomes. la maladie. They were volunteers and were paid $10, for their time. occur in students under stress. Topics such as ‘dealing with stress’, ‘preventing, burnout’, ‘self-care’, and so on, may be evident. Aberrant humour - humour that departs from an acceptable standard - a kind of tendentious or superiority humour was most evident creating confusion, doubt and potentially threatening self-worth. A review of literature indicates that humor could be related to pain tolerance through three possible mechanisms: cognitive emotional processes, changes in the neuroendocrine and immunological systems, and muscle relaxation. Their narratives revealed how encounters with battered women shape their experiences in domains such as family of origin, current intimate relationships, and gender attitudes. Social support may be particularly needed in, chronically stressful workplaces or those where staff feel isolated in their dealings with, stressful clients or circumstances (Littlechild, 1997). & Dobbin, J. Total MANOVA showed life-stress types showed no, 0.05). Using humour socially is not always a sign of good coping. We present findings from our study that examines the relationship between humor and well-being, with social support serving as the mediator. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Tuesday, December 22, 2020 It is clear from the review that further research is required in order to gain a better understanding of the concept of humour and its uses in healthcare and it is hoped that this review will contribute towards the increasing body of knowledge in this field. However, it comes with some symptoms such as weight gain or loss, easiness to anger, sleeplessness, frequency headaches, strained relationships, fatigue, and low productivity (Hanes, 2002). Concerns around student mental health and wellbeing are particularly pronounced in graduate-level social work education due to high rates of adverse life experiences and mental health challenges faced by individuals prior to entering social work careers. No single personal factor could be identified as relevant in shaping coping behaviors, although the combined impact of personal factors explained a considerable amount of variance at the personal level. but the difference between the groups was maintained. ... Secondly, humour can reduce stress (Putz & Breuer 2017). and is reflected in jokes about the condemned man or hopeless victim (Freud, 1905). A previously developed interpretative and illustrative framework was used to interrogate the data using what was known about humour e.g. The long-term effectiveness of a communication skills course was tested in a controlled study of two matched groups of social It is unlikely that liking, humour leads people to experience higher stress levels or more stress symptoms, so, we do not suggest a causal relationship between liking humour and reduced well-, being. work students. Kaye, L. & Fortune, A. E. (2001) ‘Coping skills and learning in social work field education’, Koeske, G. & Koeske, R. (1991) ‘Student ‘‘burnout’’ as a mediator of the stress-outcome, Korotkov, D. & Hannah, E. (1994) ‘Extraversion and emotionality as proposed superordinate stress. Humor - International Journal of Humor Research. Even when there has been some discussion of humour in a, social work course, students may still feel guarded about mentioning it as a possible, means of coping, because they remain unsure about its appropriateness in social, work. View or download all the content the society has access to. We hope to do this in future research, which will help clarify the role of humour, content. A longitudinal and comparative study from India, Humor, laughter, and physical health: Methodological issues and research findings, Humor as a Moderator of Compassion Fatigue, Maintenance of the Effect of Training in Communication Skills: A Controlled Follow-Up Study of Level of Communicated Empathy, Owing to the Force of Circumstances? Herzog, 1999). I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. Conclusion We demonstrate how a nuanced, ‘layered’ approach to analysing humour events is important in understanding spontaneous humour and making that explicit to others. As, Thompson and colleagues have noted, stress has long been regarded as an integral, part of social work practice with many contributing factors, including dealing with, people under stress and stress arising from organizational and political contexts, higher than average risk of occupational stress. The study of humour fits well with the growing interest in strengths-based, approaches to social work intervention, in which the plan for work is not determined, solely by the ‘problems’ to be addressed but also by the resources and strengths which, the individual/family/community can utilize. Lovell, M. L., Reid, K. & Richey, C. A. Scheffe post hoc comparisons indicated total metabolic symptoms were rated significantly higher, than cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, respiratory, muscular and immunity. Using humour socially may help people obtain social support, which is responsible for reducing the effects of stress. Generalizability of the cross-domain compensation in self-esteem maintenance is discussed. Citation anniversaire humoristique. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème citations impertinentes, humour, citation. In a study of trainee, paramedics, Rosenberg (1991) found that humour was learned vicariously by. This site uses cookies. The means tended to be close to the midpoint of the stress rating scale, which, reflects a moderate level of stress. The highest individual rating was given to back pain, which in the questionnaire included shoulder pain. (1997) ‘Points of correspondence between humor and psychotherapy’, Rosenberg, L. (1991) ‘A qualitative investigation of the use of humour by emergency personnel as a, Service, K. P. (2002) ‘Considerations in care for individuals with intellectual disability with advanced, Thompson, N., Murphy, M. & Stradling, S. (1994), Thorson, J. importante conhecer as dimensões do humor, através da utilização de instrumentos fiáveis. This article describes a simulation exercise conducted with preregistration students at Birmingham City University and designed to encourage them to initiate conversations with patients around health promotion. The findings indicate a need to develop resilience in social work students to enable them deal more effectively with various stressors. Humour production (Factor 1) showed a significant negative correlation with life-. symptoms. Recently, Dziegielewski. Thus, data analyses are presented initially for differences across each, participant’s five types of humour scores, then differences in stress levels across, different sources of stress, and differences in health ratings across the different. That is, the support engendered by humour may be more important in reducing stress than humour itself. Two experimental studies were conducted with undergraduates using a reliving task (Study 1) and a bogus feedback paradigm (Study 2) to manipulate levels of self-esteem threats. Given the results of this study, however, it is not appropriate to assume social work, students enter the profession equipped with the necessary strategies or values for, using humour as a coping strategy. The sample, thus was representative of the range of students in social work but because they were. The literature does not indicate whether humour is acquired on the job or is a, characteristic of people entering the social work profession. It can be a characteristic of the person, of the, environment, or a mixture of the person–environment interface. We use humour with patients to lighten the mood, or simply to show we are human. All medical faculty and students need to be cognisant of humour per se, how it may emerge in nuanced interactions and its subsequent impact upon participants. Organizational Stress: A Review and Critique of Theory, Research and Applications. Moran, C. C. & Massam, M. (1997) ‘An evaluation of humour in emergency work’, Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies, Moran, C. C. & Massam, M. (1999) ‘Differential influences of coping humor and humor bias on, Nerdrum, P. (1997) ‘Maintenance of the effect of training in communication skills: a controlled. & Powell, F. (1996) ‘Women, aging and sense of humor’. Data analyses are then presented for the general hypotheses of this study. Symptoms were grouped into seven. The total sense of humour mean was 65.9, which is lower than that reported for other studies, and significantly lower than, result, which suggests our participants had a low sense of humour, is discussed, The group’s means for stress ratings are presented in Table, two sources of stress, life stress and university stress, across the four sub-types of, significantly lower than Factors 3 and 4, and Factor 2 was significantly lower than Factor 3 (all, these differences were because psychological stress was significantly higher than relationship stress, (comparison of means 1 and 3), psychological stress was significantly higher than family stress, (comparison of means 1 and 4) and physical stress was significantly higher than family stress. Moderate levels of stress and resilience were seen in the social work cohort, but no incremental progression in their manifestation was observed as students progressed through their degree. People who use, humour exclusively may not allow themselves to develop other coping strategies, may, become tedious, or they may hurt others. Such qualifications will always be necessary with humour, but, they can readily be incorporated into the teaching and acceptance of humour as part. As, part of this goal, social work classes often include an end of semester evaluation of the, teaching and learning which has occurred—process as well as content. The interaction of specific communication training and field practice Teaching about humour may bring. Subjects watched a humorous or stressful video and then wrote about either the video or a mundane topic. As it stands, the social work students in this study who scored high on, humour production showed lower levels of stress, so it is reasonable to assume it. The purpose of this study was to examine the mentality of Chinese teachers regarding their use of humour in coping with stress. Other stressors, such as field education or financial difficulties, may show a different, relationship with ‘coping humour’. Teachers of social work practice often attempt to use techniques in the, classroom which parallel important elements and processes of practice. Health promotion is an essential part of nursing care and healthcare professionals are expected to make every contact count to initiate conversations with patients about healthy lifestyles and behaviour change. Factor 2, Consequently, coping humour is seen to reflect the ability to see the lighter or funnier, side of things as a way of dealing with a stressful situation or person. Moran, C. C. (1998) ‘Cognitive behaviour therapy for emotional disorders—the role of humour’, Moran, C. C. (1999) ‘Firefighter recruits’ predictions of positive reactions following emergency, Moran, C. C. (2002) ‘Humor as a moderator of compassion fatigue’, in. There is also little evidence of stress-moderating effects of humor on physical health variables and no evidence of increased longevity with greater humor. While accepting the complexity of humour and caution necessary in some circumstances, we recommend that the topic of humour is formally included in the social work curriculum. In particular, uni-stress was rated, significantly higher than life-stress on the psychological sub-scale. Consequently, we believe medical education needs to start taking humour seriously. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. Thus, humour physically relaxes away stress and anxiety” (Psychology of Humor). 23 juil. It is, possible that our students were self-conscious about reporting using humour to cope, in circumstances where they thought other coping strategies may be judged more, effective or appropriate. Despite this. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. students studying for the social work profession have not been widely examined. volunteers, generalizations must remain tentative. Managing humour: when is it funny and when is it not? A person’s sense of, humour can mitigate the effects of stress (Martin & Dobbin, 1988; Lefcourt. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. of social work and social work education. In social work, humour is being increasingly accepted as a strategy for coping with stress.

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